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  • 试题编号:126487 解答题 知识点:第四册 第十二单元·上海版 难度:三级

    作文
    请根据下面的五幅图及提示,以“A Good Pupil”为题,写一篇80~100词的短文。
    提示:
    一天早晨,John在上学的路上冒险救一位盲人,避免了一场车祸。

       

  • 试题编号:126483 填空题 知识点:Madame Curie 难度:二级

    阅读下面短文, 掌握其大意, 然后从1 ̄20各题所给的四个选项中, 选出一 个最佳答案。
        Drawing a picture is1 way of putting an idea down on paper. That is2 men first began to write, six thousand years ago or3. The alphabet4 we now use5 down to us over a long period of time. It was6 from the picture-writing of ancient Egypt.
        Picture writing was useful in many7. It could be used to express ideas as well as8. For example, a drawing of a9 meant the object "man". But a drawing of a man10 on the ground with a spear in him meant "11".
       12 the Egyptians, the Chinese and the American Indians also developed ways13 writing in pictures. But only14 much could be said15. Thousands of pictures16 to express all ideas that people might have. It would17 many thousands more to express all the objects18 to man. No one could draw so many pictures in a lifetime,19 could anyone learn the meaning of all20 drawings in a lifetime.
      
    1. A the simple    B. the simplest    C. more simple     D. simpler

    2. A. when    B. because    C. where    D. how

    3. A. over    B. more    C. else    D. later

    4. A. when    B. how    C. which    D. what

    5. A. went    B. showed    C. appeared     D. came

    6. A. developed    B. discovered    C. increased    D. grown

    7. A. sides    B. colors    C. ways    D. meanings

    8. A. stories    B. animals    C. objects    D. subjects

    9. A. creature     B. being    C. women    D. man

    10. A. lies    B. lying    C. laying     D. lain

    11. A. die     B. death    C. sleep    D. down
    [    ]
    12. A. Besides    B. Except    C. Beside     D. Except for

    13. A. to    B. of    C. on    D. off

    14. A. not     B. very    C. so    D. too

    15. A. as follows    B. this way    C. that much    D. at least

    16. A. will need    B. will be needed   
    C. would need    D. would have been needed

    17. A. taken    B. have been taken
    C. be taken     D. have taken

    18. A. known    B. with    C. called     D. in

    19. A. either     B. so    C. nor     D. also

    20. A. many    B. some    C. that    D. such

  • 试题编号:126459 解答题 知识点:Madame Curie 难度:四级

    阅读下列短文,从所给的四个选项中,选出最佳答案
    The idiom“No pains, no gains”has been misused by some people to brush aside failures.
    A mainland factory spent $ 200,000 to buy andvanced equipment from Hong Kong, but later found part of it was produced by an inland factory and another part outdated.
    This brought about $ 12,000 in losses, but the manager put it away, saying,“No pains, no gains.”
    With the idiom as an excuse, many people take no precautions(预防措施) against failures before achieving success.
    It is true that failure and setback(挫折) are not always avoidable(避免), and those who can draw lessons from defeat can usually succeed at last.
    But it is certainly wrong to take the idiom“No pains, no gains”as an umbrella to excuse oneself.
    China is making an effort to develop its economy.We have no time and money to waste, so steps must be taken to avoid avoidable failures.
    1.According to this article,______.

    A.one can succeed only after he has suffered losses
    B.failure is not avoidable on one’s way to success
    C.one can succeed at last if he can draw lessons from defeat
    D.it is normal to suffer failures before achieving success
    2.The manager ______.

    A.was very sorry for the losses
    B.thought no one should answer for the losses
    C.said he would do his best to make up for the losses
    D.was a serious man
    3.The manager______.

    A.really understood the idiom
    B.used the idiom properly
    C.learned a lesson from the losses
    D.should have had the equipment tried out before buying it
    4.Using the idiom as an excuse can______.

    A.cause many new losses
    B.avoid new losses
    C.make people more careful in future
    D.make people fully realize the cause of losses
    5.In this article, the writer tells us______.

    A.we should do our best to avoid failures though all the failures are not avoidable
    B.it doesn’t matter much in any case if we suffer losses
    C.we should pardon all the people who cause some losses
    D.those who have taken precautions still should be punished if they fail in the end

  • 试题编号:126452 解答题 知识点:Madame Curie 难度:四级

    阅读下列短文,从所给的四个选项中,选出最佳答案
    Scientists had long dreamt ofsplitting the atom(原子) and let out some of its huge quantity of energy.They didn’t find out how to do it until the 1940s.
    Uranium is one of the matters whose atoms can be split fairly easily.A small particle(粒子) is added to an atom of uranium, which then breaks into two smaller atoms.The change has other results.It makes the uranium very hot.It also produces two or there free particles of the kind first added.These free particles move around, splitting other uranium atoms, and so begins a“chain reaction”(链式反应), which produces more heat and more free particles.Both the heat and the chain reaction are important.
    A gas or a liquid is sent into the reactor(反应堆)to collect and carry away the heat.It is used to boil water, and the steam so produced drives the machinery which produces electricity.The chain reaction allows the process(过程) to continue.The reaction, which could be very rapid, is slowed down by a certain matter, which surrounds thefuel
    Today, many people are wondering how long the world’s store of coal and oil will last.Both these fuels, like uranium, are producers of heat energy.Is atomic energy the answer to the world’s energy problem?
    1.Which of the following words can take the place of the underlined word“splitting”?

    A.joiningB.choosing
    C.breakingD.heating
    2.What will never happen when a small particle is added to an atom of uranium?

    A.Two more atoms will appear
    B.The atom will split in two and let out energy.
    C.More free particles will be produced.
    D.The uranium will become very hot.
    3.“Chain reaction”means______.

    A.free particles produced in the reaction will split other atoms, which in turn will produce more free particles
    B.free particles will split more atoms after splitting some atoms
    C.atoms split by free particles will continue to split
    D.reaction can go on and on with the help of a chain of particles
    4.Which of the following orders shows rightly how a nuclear (原子能的) power plant works?

    a.Heat is made to boil water.
    b.The machinery produces electricity
    c.The chain reaction produces heat.
    d.Heat is collected and carried away by a gas or a liquid.
    e.Steam so produced drives the machinery.
    A.d-c-e-b-aB.c-d-a-e-b
    C.b-d-e-a-cD.c-a-d-b-e
    5.What fact does this passage lead you to believe?
    [  ]
    A.Many people wonder whether the world’s store of coal and oil will last long.
    B.Coal, oil and uranium are fuels, which can produce heat.
    C.The world’s store of coal and oil will last a very long time.
    D.Atomic energy has given people hope to solve the world’s energy problem.

  • 试题编号:126444 解答题 知识点:Waste 难度:三级

    阅读下列短文,从所给的四个选项中,选出最佳答案
    Over a hundred years ago people in London were surprised to see a very unusual boat come sailing up the Thames River. The boat was eighty feet long, flat-bottomed, with big wooden eyes on both sides in the front and was colourfully painted at the back.
    People came to know that it was a sailing boat from Fuzhou in distant China. The boat had sailed round the cape of Good Hope (好望角), up the western coast of Africa, and finally to England. It had covered fifteen thousand miles --- more than half of the distance round the world.
    Although it was unexpected, the Chinese were warmly welcomed. The boat carried goods such as silk and tea as well as a number of gifts from the Emperor of China for the Queen of England.
    People had always mistakenly thought of the Chinese as a people not used to the sea. However, from centuries of trading and sailing in dangerous seas, the Chinese had learned how to build good boats and sail them well. The coming of this sailing boat to London proved once again that the Chinese could sail to distant countries in the world.
    1. The Chinese sailing boat arrived in London______ .

    A.before it sailed to Africa
    B.in the last century
    C.hundreds of years ago
    D.in the twentieth century
    2. The boat was considered unusual because ______ .

    A. it was a small wooden boat
    B. it carried Chinese silk and tea
    C.it had travelled fifteen thousand miles
    D. it looked strange in several ways
    3. According to this article, which of the following is TRUE?

    A. The distance round the earth measures less than thirty thousand miles.
    B. The Chinese Emperor gave silk and tea to the English Queen as gifts.
    C. The Chinese boat came to London by accident.
    D. the Chinese people were not good at sailing in dangerous seas.
    4. The boat reached London by sailing______ .

    A. round the southern end of Africa
    B. through the Arctic Ocean
    C. up the west coast of England
    D. round Asia and Europe
    5. The writer wants to prove that a long time ago the Chinese______ .
    [  ]
    A. carried silk, tea and other goods to England
    B. could sail along the Thames River
    C. could reach many parts of the world by sea
    D. suprised Londoners with an unusual boat

  • 试题编号:126440 解答题 知识点:The USA 难度:四级

    阅读下列短文,从所给的四个选项中,选出最佳答案
    On Wednesday morning Lady Wyatt went to Hall’s Department store to do some shopping and to meet a friend for lunch.In the ladies’ Fashion Department she bought a hat and a bag and paid for them.As she was waiting for the lift to go up to the Rooftop Coffee lounge(休息室), she saw a silk blouse that she liked.She tried it on and decided to buy it.She looked around for a shopkeeper to pay but couldn’t see anybody.The lift came and as she was late for her appointment, she put the blouse with her other things and wanted to pay for it later on her way out.Unfortunately, she forgot to pay and was stopped at the door by the store detective(侦探)who asked her to go to the manager’s office.He said she had stolen the blouse.She tried to explain, but the manager didn’t believe her and called a policeman.
    1.The woman went to the store to ________.

    A.drink coffee upstairs
    B.buy something and then see a friend of hers
    C.have lunch there
    D.buy a gift for her friend
    2.The Rooftop Coffee lounge is ________.

    A.near the department store
    B.on the first floor of the store
    C.far from the store
    D.on the top floor of the store
    3.The store detective stopped her because ________.

    A.she was stealing money
    B.she didn’t pay for a silk blouse
    C.she paid less for a hat
    D.her friend had stolen a hat and a bag from it
    4.What would happen at the end of the story?

    A.The manager didn’t excuse the lady for what she had done until she explained.
    B.The detective took the lady to the police station.
    C.The police arrived when the store made a telephone call.
    D.The manager found that the lady had not wanted to steal the blouse.
    5.It seems that the writer of this passage ________.
    [  ]
    A.felt pity for the lady
    B.thought the detective and the manager did right
    C.spoke highly of the lady
    D.liked the lady and hated the detective

  • 试题编号:126435 解答题 知识点:Madame Curie 难度:四级

    阅读下列短文,从所给的四个选项中,选出最佳答案
    Moscow, Russia (Space news)...“The computer is a better chess player.”insisted Viktor Prozorov, the loser.“It seemed as if it were laughing after every good move.I know I should have beaten it for the sake of mankind(人类), but I just couldn’t win”, he announced and shook his head sadly.
    Prozorov’s disappointment was shared by several grand masters who were present, some of whom were so upset that they shouted at the machine, Many chess players said that this meant the end of chess championships(锦标赛)around the world, since the fun had been taken out of the game.
    The computer walked or rather, rolled away with 5,000 dollars in prize money and limited its remarks to a set of noises and lights.
    1.Which of the following best gives the main idea of this newspaper article?

    A.5,000 dollars goes to a computer!
    B.New invention: a laughing computer!
    C.World’s best chess player beaten!
    D.Computer defeats man in chess!
    2.How did some of the grand masters feel about the chess game between Prozorov and the computer?

    A.They thought that the game was no fun.
    B.They thought that the game wasn’t fair.
    C.They agreed that Prozorov didn’t play well.
    D.They were unhan

  • 试题编号:126434 解答题 知识点:The USA 难度:四级

    阅读下列短文,从所给的四个选项中,选出最佳答案
    Men do not cross the Arctic Ocean very often.It is dangerous.It is dark in winter and very cold.The ice is dangerous, too.In summer the ice melts, and moves quickly.In February 1968, Wally Herbert started his journey across the Arctic.He wanted to go from Alaska to Spizbergen.He went with three men and some dogs.The dogs pulled sledges over the ice and the sledges carried equipment.The men travelled slowly for five months.In the summer the ice melted so they stopped their journey.They stayed on pieces of ice.The ice floated in the water and took them to the north.A plane dropped food and equipment.On April 6th 1969, they reached the north pole.Then they travelled to the south.They moved quickly and reached land on May 29th.
    1.Men do not often cross the Arctic because ________.

    A.it’s dark all year roundB.there is no food
    C.the ice meltsD.it is dangerous
    2.From this passage we know ________.

    A.dogs can drive sledges over the ice
    B.dogs are able to ride sledges
    C.travellers killed dogs to provide themselves with food
    D.travellers marched on with the aid of dogs
    3.More equipment was sent to the waiting traveller ________.

    A.by floating iceB.by shipC.by airD.by dogs
    4.Wally Herbert’s journey took ________.

    A.twelve monthsB.sixteen months
    C.three monthsD.five months
    5.In summer in the north pole ________.

    A.it is dark and cold
    B.it is sunny and bright
    C.it is hot and warm
    D.it is hot in the day and cold at night

  • 试题编号:126424 解答题 知识点:Waste 难度:四级

    阅读下列短文,从所给的四个选项中,选出最佳答案
    If you want to stay young, sit down and have a good think. This is the research finding of a team of Japanese doctors, who say that most of our brains are not getting enough exercise --- and as a result, we are growing old unnecessarily soon.
    Professor Taiju Matsuzawa wanted to find out why quite healthy farmers in northern Japan appeared to be losing their ability to think and reason(推理) at a rather early age, and how the speed of getting old could be slowed down.
    With a team of researchers at Tokyo National University, he set about measuring brain volumes (体积) of a thousand people of different ages with different jobs.
    Computer technology helped the researchers to get most exact measurements of the volume of the front and side parts of the brain, which have something to do with intellect (智力) and feelings, and decide the human character. As we all know, the back part of the brain, which controls tasks like eating and breathing, does not contract (收缩) with age.
    Contraction of front and side parts --- as cells (细胞) die off --- was seen in some people in their thirties, but it was still not found in some sixty and seventy-year-olds.
    Matsuzawa concluded from his tests that there is a simple way to prevent the contraction --- using the head.
    The findings show that contraction of the brain begins sooner in people in the country than in the towns. Those with least possibility, says Matsuzawa, are lawyers, followed by university professors and doctors. White collar workers doing the same work day after day in government offices are, however, as possible to have contracting brains as the farm worker, bus driver and shop assistant.
    1. The team of doctors wanted to find out ______ .

    A. at what point people grow mentally old
    B. how to make people live longer
    C. the size of certain people’s brains
    D. which people are the most clever
    2. Their research findings are based on ______.

    A. an examination of farmers in northern Japan
    B. tests given on a thousand old people
    C. examining the brain volumes of different people
    D. using computer technology
    3. The doctors’ tests show that _____.

    A. our brains contract as we grow older
    B. one part of the brain does not contract
    C. sixty-year-olds have better brains than thirty-year-olds
    D. some people’s brains have contracted earlier than other people’s
    4. According to the article, _____ are growing old eariler than people who live in the cities.

    A. farmers
    B. office clerks
    C. shop assistants
    D.bus drivers
    5. The most possible conclusion of the passage is that _____.
    [  ]
    A. most of us should take more exercise
    B. it’s better to live in the town
    C. the brain contracts if it is not used
    D. the more one uses his brain, the sooner he becomes old

  • 试题编号:126414 解答题 知识点:Waste 难度:四级

    阅读下列短文,从所给的四个选项中,选出最佳答案
    EVENTS (赛事)
    Bicycle tour and race
    A bike tour and race will be held on August 26 and 27 (Sat. & Sun.). At 5:30 a.m, the riders will leave Tian’anmen Square and ride the first 35 kilometres as a trainingleg. Then the next 55 kilometres leg, from Yanjiao to Jixian, will be the first competitive (竞赛性的) part of the tour. The riders and their bikes will then be taken from Jixian to Changli.
    The second racing leg of the tour will be from Changli to the seaside of Nandaihe, covering a distance of 20 kilometres. Saturday night includes the stay at Nandaihe and supper. Sunday morning is free for play at the seaside. At noon all the people and their bikes will be taken back to Beijing.
    Cost: 200 yuan
    Telephone: 64675027
    Brazilian footballers
    The Brazilian Football Club will play Beijing Guo’an Team at the Workers’ Stadium on August 26. The club has four national team players. Also coming is 1994 US World Cup star Romario who has promised to play for at least 45 minutes.
    Ticket prices: 60, 100, 150 yuan
    Time/ Date: 4: 30 p.m, August 26 (Sat. )
    Telephone: 65012372
    Rock climbing
    The Third National Rock Climbing Competition will be held on August 26-27 at the Huairou Mountain-climbing Training Base. More than 10 teams from Beijing, Wuhan, Dalian, Jilin and other places will take part in it. A Japanese team will give an exhibition climbing. Free for spectators (观众) .
    Take a long-distance bus from Dongzhimen to Huairou.
    Time/Dates: 9-12 a. m, August 26 and 27
    Telephone: 67143177, 67144850, Wang Zhenghua
    1. The main purpose of announcing the above events is to give information about_______.

    A. visiting teams
    B. famous players
    C. things to do for the weekend
    D. prices to pay for the sports events
    2. If you take part in the bike tour, you will ride for______ .

    A.35 kilometres
    B.55 kilometres
    C. 75 kilometres
    D. 110 kilometres
    3. The underlined word“leg” in“Bicycle tour and race” probably means ______ .

    A. raceB. practiceC. part of the trainingD. part of the tour
    4. What is special about the rock climbing competition?

    A. A foreign team takes part in it.
    B. You can watch it without paying.
    C. You don’t have to be a sportsman to take part.
    D. The bus trip to the place of the competition is free.
    5. If you want to find something to do for Saturday afternoon, which telephone number will you call?
    [  ]
    A.64675027      B.67143177
    C.65012372      D.67144850

  • 试题编号:126410 解答题 知识点:Madame Curie 难度:四级

    阅读下列短文,从所给的四个选项中,选出最佳答案
    Do you always understand the directions on a bottle of medicine? Do you know what is meant by“Take only as directed”? Read the following directions and see if you understand them.
    “To reduce pain, take two tablets(片) with water, followed by one tablet every eight hours, as required.For night-time and early morning relief(减轻疼痛)take two tablets at bedtime.Do not take more than six tablets in twenty-four hours.
    For children six to twelve years old, give half the amount (量).For children under six years old, ask your doctor’s advice.
    Reduce the amount if you suffer from restlessness or sleeplessness after taking the medicine.”
    1.How many tablets at most can a person over 12 have in 24 hours?

    A.Three.B.Four.C.Six.D.Eight.
    2.How many tablets should a nine-year-old child normally take in 24 hours?

    A.Hafe a tablet.B.One tablet.
    C.Two tablets.D.Four tablets.
    3.What is the advice for one who cannot sleep well after taking the medicine?

    A.Stop taking the medicine at bedtime.
    B.Continue to take the normal amount.
    C.Take more than the normal amount.
    D.Take less than the normal amount.
    4.It can be inferred from the directions that this medicine______.

    A.helps you to fall asleep quickly
    B.may be dangerous to small children
    C.cannot be taken if one feels sleepy
    D.should not be taken by children under six
    5.This text is most probably taken from a______.
    [  ]
    A.textbook
    B.newsreel
    C.doctor’s notebook
    D.bottle of medicine

  • 试题编号:126405 解答题 知识点:The USA 难度:四级

    阅读下列短文,从所给的四个选项中,选出最佳答案
    Castles and palaces are found throughout Europe.They are visited by large numbers of travellers with cameras who show pictures of them to their families and friends at home.The great stone palace is very different in most ways from the homes most of us live in.In a palace there are miles of long halls through which the wind blows in winter.In 1958, Queen Victoria of England wrote to her daughter Vicki, who had recently married and gone to live in the German palaces, to put on a warm coat when she walked in the halls.
    The two most famous“castles”in the world are not in Europe.One was the“Mausoleum”, a burial(殡葬的)castle for King Mausolus, who died in 353 B.C.It is now in ruins(废墟).The other is the Great Pyramid, the burial place for Pharaoh(法老)Chopes, built in Egypt about five thousand years ago.
    The Greek writer of history, Herodotus, saw the pyramids about 500 B.C.They were then more than two thousand years old.They were huge in size, built of great stone blocks about 30 feet long.These blocks had been pulled into their places by hand.Herodotus had his guide read the writing on the wall of the Great Pyramid.It said that the building took 100,000 workers 20 years and cost a great sum(数目)of money.
    1.The great stone palace is ________.

    A.usually quite different from our houses today
    B.very beautiful with a lot of pictures in it
    C.usually a very long, very beautiful hall
    D.now a place for travellers to show their pictures to their friends
    2.Queen Victoria told her daughter Vicki, who lived in a German palace, to put on a warm coat when she walked in the halls of the palace, because ________.

    A.it was usually very cold in Germany in winter
    B.she was newly married to the Prince(王子)of Germany
    C.the Queen wanted to make her duaghter more beautiful
    D.in winter, the wind blew hard through the palace halls
    3.From the text, we know that there were once two great“castles”in the world, but today, we can find only one of them in good condition.
    How is the other one?

    A.The other one was burnt down during the First World War.
    B.The other suddenly disappeared many years ago.
    C.The other is in ruins now.
    D.The other was buried by people about 2, 00 years ago.
    4.When Herodotus, the Greek writer of history went to visit the pyramidsin Egypt about 500 B.C., he ______.
    [  ]
    A.found the people were building the Great Pyramid with their hands
    B.said that the pyramids had all had a history of about 5, 000 years
    C.found some writing on the wall and he asked his guide to read it for him
    D.told the people there that the Great Pyramid cost them a lot of money

  • 试题编号:126404 解答题 知识点:Waste 难度:四级

    阅读下列短文,从所给的四个选项中,选出最佳答案
    Before man knew how to write, clever men could pass their knowledge only to the people who could hear them speak. These listeners could repeat what they heard, but by memory only. Whatever they didn’t remember was lost. Writing changed all of this. Written knowledge lives on long after the lifetime of the writer. Today we can use all the information and knowledge that has been collected for thousands of years.
    When people first learned to write, they began to record the stories they had always known and liked. Among these was a special kind of story called a“fable” (寓言). A fable is a short story that teaches a lesson. In fables, animals usually talk and act like people.
    1. Before man knew how to write, the clever men’s knowledge could be passed on only to those who could hear them talk and store the knowledge by ______.

    A. speaking and waving hands
    B. memory
    C. reading and listening
    D. writing and translating
    2. We can know from the passage ______.

    A. the ancient people liked all the stories at that time
    B. how knowledge was passed on before written symbols (符号), the words, were invented
    C. how we should gather knowledge and information
    D. the ancient people only liked their own stories
    3. Usually a fable______.

    A. is a part of a novel
    B. is a special kind of short story
    C. can teach people something
    D. both B and C
    4. The ancient people couldn’t get as much knowledge and information as we do today only because ______.

    A. they don’t have a good memory
    B. they don’t have a history as long as ours
    C. they couldn’t read or write
    D. their memories are not so good as ours
    5. Which of the following is true?
    [  ]
    A. As soon as people learned how to write, they began to write down the things that they think are interesting, useful or important.
    B. As soon as people recorded the stories they liked, they began to learn how to read and write.
    C. Animals in fables were human beings of ancient times.
    D. All the fables which were thousands of years old were recorded by the ancient people who knew how to read and write.

  • 试题编号:126399 解答题 知识点:The USA 难度:四级

    阅读下列短文,从所给的四个选项中,选出最佳答案
    All the useful energy at the surface of the earth comes from the activity of the sun.The sun heats and feeds mankind.Each year it provides men with two hundred million tons of grain, and nearly ten million tons of wood.
    Coal, oil, natural gas, and all other fuels are stored-up energy from the sun.Some was collected by this season’s plants as carbon compounds.Some was stored by plants and trees ages ago.
    Even waterpower comes from the sun.Water turned into vapor by the sun falls as rain.It courses down the mountains and is turned into electric power.Light transmits only the energy that comes from the sun’s outer layers, and much of this energy never arrives on earth.About nine-tenths of it is absorbed by the atmosphere of the earth.In fact, the earth itself gets only one half-billionth of the sun’s entire output of radiant(辐射)energy.
    1.All the useful energy at the surface of the earth comes ________.

    A.directly from the sun
    B.from the sun’s activity
    C.from energy stored by the sun
    D.from radiation of the sun
    2.For mankind, the sun is the source of ________.

    A.solar activityB.all heatC.all foodD.both B and C
    3.The sun’s energy indirectly provides the earth with________.

    A.FuelsB.WaterpowerC.lightD.Both A and B
    4.The largest part of the energy from the sun is ________.

    A.stored by the current season’s plants
    B.turned into fuel
    C.absorbed by the earth’s atmosphere
    D.used for electric power
    5.Of the sun’s entire output of radiant energy, the earth receives ________.
    [  ]
    A.nearly all
    B.about half
    C.a very small part
    D.all that comes from the sun’s outer layers

  • 试题编号:126347 解答题 知识点:Madame Curie 难度:三级

    阅读下列短文, 从所给的四个选项中, 选出最佳答案。
        My father and I were very close. I loved pleasing him, and he was always proud of my success. If I won a spelling contest (竞赛) at school, he was on top of the world. Later in life whenever I got a promotion (提升), I’d call my father right away and he’d rush out to tell all his friends. In 1970, when I was named president of the Ford Motor Company, I didn’t know which of us was more excited.
        Like many native Italians, my parents were very open with their feelings and their love — not only at home, but also in public. Most of my friends would never hug their fathers. But I hugged and kissed my dad at every opportunity —nothing could have felt more natural.
        He was a curious man who was always trying new things. He was the first person in Allentown to buy a motorcycle. Unfortunately, my father and his motorcycle didn’t get along too well. He fell off it so often that he got rid of it just a month after buying it. As a result, he never again trusted any vehicle with less than four wheels.
        Because of that motorcycle, I wasn’t allowed to have a bicycle when I was growing up. Whenever I wanted to ride a bike, I had to borrow one from a friend. On the other hand, my father let me drive a car as soon as I turned sixteen.
      
    1. When I won a contest at school, my father would ________.

    A. tell all his friends about it
    B. feel more happy over it
    C. be very surprised at it
    D. be much more excited than I    
    2. I hugged and kissed my father at every opportunity, _______.

    A. although I hated to do so
    B. because I was told to do so by my mother
    C. because I was named president of the Ford Motor Company
    D. because I felt it was quite natural to do so     
    3. My father trusted no vehicle with less than four wheels,         because _______.

    A. he didn’t like the way I always borrowed bicycles from friends  
    B. he thought that cars were faster than motorcycles 
    C. he liked every new model brought out by the Ford Motor Company
    D. he had trouble in riding his motorcycle
    4. Which of the following statements shows that my father was a curious man?

    A. I wasn’t allowed to have a bicycle when I was growing up.
    B. He was the first person in town to buy a motorcycle.
    C. He was always proud of my success.
    D. My parents were very open with their feelings and their love.
    5. Which of the following statements is NOT TRUE?

    A. My father loved his motorcycle. He rode through the dirty streets of Allentown every day.
    B. I was not allowed to have a bicycle when I was growing up but I was allowed to drive a car as soon as I turned sixteen.
    C. My father was always proud of what I did. He was very pleased when I won a spelling contest at school.
    D. My father bought a motorcycle, but got rid of it soon  because he fell ff it so often.   
     

  • 试题编号:126344 解答题 知识点:Madame Curie 难度:三级

    阅读下列短文, 从所给的四个选项中, 选出最佳答案。
        Kuwait is a country which is quite small, but which is very rich. It has a population of a little more than a million and it is situated at the north end of the Persian Gulf, between Iraq on the north and Saudi Arabia on the south. This small desert country is one of the world’s leading oil producers and it has about 15 percent of the world’s known petroleum reserves. Since the discovery of oil in 1938, Kuwait rulers have turned the country into a prosperous welfare state. It has free primary and secondary education, free health care and social services, and the Kuwaitis do not have to pay any personal income tax for those services. The rate of literacy is high and constantly growing. The University of Kuwait was opened in 1966. but many of the Kuwaiti students still study in colleges and universities abroad, at state expense. Kuwait is an Arab country, and about 99 percent of the people who live there are Moslems. But fewer than half of these Moslems are actually citizen of Kuwait. This is because there are many Moslem immigrants (移民) living and working there. The other 1 percent of the population, in other words the non-Moslems, are recent immigrants who were attracted (吸引) by the opportunities to work for the oil companies. There are several thousand Europeans and Americans in Kuwait. Many of them are employed by the oil companies.
         
    1. Why is Kuwait so rich?
    [    ]
    A. Because it has fewer people than any other country in the world.
    B. Because its education is highly developed.
    C. Because there are many immigrants who have brought it science and technology.
    D. Because it is rich in oil.
    2. How many years after oil was discovered in Kuwait was the University of Kuwait opened?
    [    ]
    A. 28 years.   B. 29 years.  C. 30 years. D. None of the above.
    3. What fraction (分数) of the world’s known petroleum reserves does Kuwait have?
    [    ]
    A. 1/3     B. 1/4    C. 1/10    D. 3/20    
    4. How many people are there in Kuwait who are non-Moslems?
    [    ]
    A. 10,000 or so.    100,000.    C. More than 20,000.   D. Less than 100,000.    
    5. Which of the following maps gives the right position of        Kuwait?
    [    ]
    (Saudi Arabia=S Kuwait=K the Persian Gulf=P)
    A.    B.         
    C.    D. 

  • 试题编号:126343 解答题 知识点:Madame Curie 难度:二级

    阅读下列短文, 从所给的四个选项中, 选出最佳答案。
        If you can find a tree which has been cut down, you will see many rings, or circles on the base of the trunk. By learning to read these rings, you can find out about the tree’s life.
        The number of rings tells you how old the tree is. Each year, new wood is formed on the outside of the tree. This new wood is light in color when the tree is growing in spring and summer, and dark in winter when the tree is not growing much. So, if you count the rings of dark-or-light-colored wood, you can often find out how old the tree is.
        You can also tell which years have been good years and which years have been bad years. When the light-colored rings are very wide, it means that the tree has been growing quickly that year. If the light rings are narrow, it has been growing slowly. If the rings on a tree trunk were greatly magnified (放大), you would be able to see why the rings are light-colored when the tree is growing quickly, and dark-colored when the tree is growing slowly. The tree trunk is made up of microscopic tubes (毛细管), like some pipes, carrying water from the soil, through the trunk, and up to the leaves. They are wide and thin-walled when the tree is growing quickly and they are carrying a lot of water. They are narrow and stuck together when the tree is not growing so quickly.
        When a tree is old, the tubes in the center of the tree don’t carry water. The walls of the tubes have become thick with materials which have stuck along them over the years, forming a kind of wood called "heartwood". This kind of wood is darker in color than the young, growing wood on the outside of the tree.
        You don’t very often see whole tree trunks which have been cut across. But once you learn to read a cross section (横截面) of the wood, you can see much more in wood which has been used to make boxes, houses, and other things.
        In most wood, instead of seeing the trunk cut across, you are seeing it cut along its length. Because you don’t see the whole tree, you can’t tell how old it is.
        
    1. The writer says you can tell the age of a tree by _______.
    [    ]
    A. the number of rings in its trunk
    B. the size of the base of its trunk
    C. the color of its rings
    D. the rings on the outside of the tree
    2. When wood of a tree is mostly light in color, this means that the tree _______.
    [    ]
    A. grew slowly    
    B. grew quickly
    C. only grew in winter    D. only grew in summer     
    3. If all the rings in the cross section of a tree trunk are wide and about the same width, then we can tell that the tree _____.
    [    ]
    A. grew quickly all its life
    B. grew slowly all its life
    C. grew quickly when it was young and more slowly later
    D. grew slowly when it was young and more quickly later     
    4. In a certain country, it is usually dry and rains heavily every three years. Which drawing given below shows a tree trunk from this country?
    [    ]
     

  • 试题编号:126297 解答题 知识点:The USA 难度:三级

    阅读理解
    People living on parts of the south coast of England face a serious problem. In 1993 , the owners of a large hotel and of several houses discovered, to their horror, that their gardens had disappeared overnight. The sea had eaten into the soft limestone(石灰岩) cliffs(崖) on which they had been built. While experts were studying the problem, the hotel and several houses disappeared altogether, sliding down the cliff and into the sea.
    Erosion(侵蚀) of the while cliffs along the south coast of England has always been a problem but it has become more serious in recent years. Dozens of homes have had to be given up as the sea crept(蔓延) farther and farther island. Experts have studied the areas most a affected and have drawn up a map for local people, forecasting the year in which their homes will be swallowed up by the hungry sea.
    Angry owners have called on the Government to set up sea defenses to protect their homes. Government officials have pointed out that in most cases, this is impossible. New sea walls would cost hundreds of millions of pounds and would merely make the waves and currents go further along the coast, shifting(转移) the problem from one area to another. The danger is likely to continue they say until the waves reach an island area of hard rock which will not be eaten as limestone is Meanwhile , if you want to buy a cheap house with an uncertain future , apply to a house agent in one of the threatened areas on the south coast of England. You can get a house for a knock-down price but it may turn out to be a knock-down home.
    1.What is the cause, of the problem that people living on parts of the south cast of England face?

    A.The rising of the seal level.
    B.They spent millions of pounds to set up sea defenses but they failed.
    C.The washing-away of limestone cliffs.
    D.The disappearance of hotels, houses and gardens.
    2.The erosion of the white cliffs in the south of England ________.

    A.will soon become a problem for all the people living in England
    B.has now become a serious problem to the local people
    C.can be stopped if proper measures are taken
    D.is quickly changing the map of England
    3.The experts’ study on the problem of erosion can ________.

    A.warn people whose homes are in danger
    B.provide an effective way to slow it down
    C.help to prevent it from getting worse
    D.lead to the success
    4.It is impossible to build sea defenses to protect against erosion because ________.

    A.house agents along the coast do not support the idea
    B.it is too costly and will endanger neighboring areas
    C.the government is too slow in taking action
    D.they will be easily knocked down by waves and currents

  • 试题编号:126286 解答题 知识点:第六册 第七单元·上海版 难度:二级

    阅读理解
      Most people think that the older you get, the harder it is to learn a new language. That is, they believe that children learn more easily and efficiently (有效地) than adults (成年人). Thus, at some points in our lives, maybe around age 12 or 13, we lose the ability (能力) to learn languages well. Is this idea fact or myth(想象)?
      Is it true that children learn a foreign language more efficiently than adults? On the contrary, research studies suggest that the opposite may be true. One report, on 2,000 Danish children studying Swedish, conducted that the teenagers learn more in less time than the younger children. Another report, on Americans learning Russian, Showed the ability to learn increased as the age increased from childhood to adulthood. There are several possible explanations for these findings. For one thing, adults know more about the world and therefore are able to understand meanings more easily than children. Moreover, adults can use logical (逻辑的) thinking to help themselves see patterns in the language. Finally, adults have more self-discipline than children.
      All in all, it seems that the common idea that children are better language learners than adults may not be fact, but myth.
    1.The main idea in this short passage is ______.
    [  ]
    A.teenagers are more difficult to teach than adults
    B.Danish teenagers can learn Swedish faster than younger children
    C.adults are more logical than children
    D.the ability to learn languages in creases with age
    2.The experiments mentioned in the passage are about ______.
    [  ]
    A.the age of the Danish and American people
    B.the foreign language learning
    C.natives how to learn their languages
    D.the difference between adults and children
    3.Which of the following possible explanations is not mentioned that older students can make more progress in learning languages?
    [  ]
    A.Adults know more about the world.
    B.Adults can use logical the world.
    C.Adults have more self-discipline.
    D.Adults can read better.
    4. “Adults have more self-discipline than children” means ______.
    [  ]
    A.children are very naughty
    B.adults have more ability to control themselves than children
    C.adults always obey rules in learning a language while children don’t
    D.children are free to use any kind of method in learning a language
    5.The best title for this passage may be ______.
    [  ]
    A.Adults and Children
    B.Age and Language Learning
    C.Learning Foreign Languages
    D.The Best Explanations for Language Learning

  • 试题编号:126285 解答题 知识点:第六册 第七单元·上海版 难度:二级

    阅读理解
      It was the middle of April of 1975.A large number of birds were flying northward. Thousands of ducks led the way as they usually do.
      But things were different that year.The north winds were very strong. Heavy snowstorms came quite late in the spring.The birds badly needed a place to get out of the storms and to rest during their long flights. Thousands of ducks found a place to rest in Nebraska.
      At that time a terrible disease that kills birds broke out in Nebraska.Ducks were dying in great numbers.Hawks that lived nearby were spreading (传播) the disease to the water birds that landed on the small lakes.
      The wildlife workers (野生动物保护工作者)were not able to stop the terrible disease.As they worried over the dying birds, they suddenly thought of something even worse. In a few days the whoopers (美洲鹤), one of the most beautiful birds, were going to fly across the state.
      What would happen if even one of the forty-nine remaining whoopers was to land near the sick birds? If a whoopers got the disease, it could spread to all the rest.
      A bad snowstorm blew over Nebraska as the first whoopers fought their way across the state. They were forced down by the storm. And they landed right in the middle of one of the places where the disease was spreading. A farmer was the first to see the nine whoopers on the lake.The wildlife workers quickly prepared to save the whoopers. They worked for long hours trying to frighten the birds away to a safe place.They fired guns, but the whoopers refused to move.
      At last it stopped snowing! With a small plane the workers were able to drive all but two of the whoopers to a safe place.
      All night long the workers stayed in the cold as they watched over the whoopers.Suddenly, as day began to break, the last two whoopers took off. They were driven by the airplane to a safe place.
      Slowly the winds became less strong. The nine whoopers flew off to the north. The wildlife workers were tired but happy.
    1.What was the unusual thing that happened in Nebraska in 1975? ______.
    [  ]
    A.Ducks led the way as a large number of birds flew north
    B.Ducks couldn’t find a place to rest in Nebraska
    C.A terrible disease that kills birds broke out
    D.Heavy snowstorms came early in the spring
    2.What made things even worse was that ______.
    [  ]
    A.hawks got the disease and spread it to the water birds
    B.the whoopers flying by would be in danger of catching the disease
    C.thousands of ducks died
    D.the wildlife workers were not able to stop the disease
    3.the wildlife workers did all the following things to save the whoopersEXCEPT________.
    [  ]
    A.firing guns to get the whoopers away from the sick birds
    B.watching over the whoopers the whole night
    C.using a small plane to drive the whoopers to safety
    D.gathering the sick and dead birds with a small plane
    4.In the end , the nine whoopers flew off to the north when ______.
    [  ]
    A.the night was over    B.it stopped snowing
    C.there was less wind   D.the winds stopped
    5.Which of the following isNOT TRUE?______.
    [  ]
    A.The wildlife workers were happy because they had done their best to protect the whoopers
    B.The wildlife workers acted quickly when they were needed to save the whoopers
    C.The whooper is a bird which is not commonly found
    D.The whoopers always land on the lakes in Nebraska when flying north

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